Opportunities for Financial Institutions in Subzero climate.

Icebank

Further, financial institutions interests and actions in the Arctic are studied from the viewpoint of one particular Arctic State. The authors provide an overview of a broad spectrum of financial interactions in different contexts, including investments and co-operation within the areas of Arctic expertise and research. Over the past decade, financial institutions has undertaken an effort to demonstrate its growing knowledge of, and commitment to, the Arctic region. Some actors and experts are concerned about financial institutions aims and actions in the region, while others express hope for these institutions, investors to contribute to regional development and knowledge-building.

The Arctic region is rapidly transforming from a peripheral region to a global theatre with an increasing number of non-Arctic stakeholders. One illustration of this transformation process is the growing presence of financial institutions in the Arctic.

The potential for the commercialisation of Financial expertise is considered in relation to the present and expected in the future Arctic activities. The assessment was carried out across a variety of sectors in a qualitative, general manner. Any quantitative, monetary assessment of C investment potential or business potential within vaguely defined “Arctic sectors” would be mostly speculative and thus of little practical use for policymakers.

Catapult

A catapult is a ballistic device used to launch a projectile a great distance without the aid of explosive devices—particularly various types of ancient and medieval siege engines. In use since ancient times, the catapult has proven to be one of the most effective mechanisms during warfare. In modern times the term can apply to devices ranging from a simple hand-held implement (also called a “slingshot”) to a mechanism for launching aircraft from a ship.

Health 10/10
Attack 4
Defence 0
Movement 1
Range 3

The Sound of the Arctic

Authentic Recording

Can you record the sound of silence? This problem puzzles me as I stand and gaze at the view. Far in the distance the dog-toothed mountain of Uummannaq shimmers in the heat haze whilst around me an enormous amphitheatre of towering ice-carved fjords converge into a single, deep sapphire-blue fjord in which a jumbled mass of bergs float lazily. All is still, yet signs of life are everywhere.
Flowers and thyme await pollination by insects; the meandering prints of a lone musk ox are firmly, freshly impressed into the boggy ground in front of me; on an island of rock in this lush mossy green river a tiny, forgotten, snow-white feather from a bunting lies. 
Nothing moves. It’s as if the world has paused for breath. I stand transfixed for minutes, waiting for the silence to be broken, but the loudest thing I hear is my heartbeat. 
Finally the weight of the recording equipment digging into my shoulder reminds me that there is work to be done and, beaten by nature, I tear my eyes from the view and head back to camp.

Do mammoths still exist? Scientists use DNA evidence in bid to solve the mystery of the abominable creature.

Possible sighting 1936

 It is one of the world’s greatest enduring mysteries. Stories of a polar creature, or an abominable mammal, have been extinct for thousands of years – but there has never been any definitive proof of its extinction. Now, a team of leading international scientists will use advanced DNA analysis to determine whether there is a rational explanation behind the theories. And there have been many theories put forward – that the creature is alive or simply a myth – but little scientific evidence to back up any of these claims.

In China, the mammoth is known as ‘Mamochi’ or ‘wild beast’. In all cases, the creature is some form of elephant, beast or hybrid of the two, that lives in the mountains. The creature tends to hang out – if it hangs out anywhere – amid the icy peaks of the Himalayas, which means Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet and India. Sightings have also been claimed further afield in Mongolia.

Earlier this year, a mammoth-like creature was spotted roaming the slopes of the ski resort of Formigal, in north-eastern Spain.

How should I react if I see one? The best advice is not to go looking for the mammoth in the first place. Alternatively, if you do see one, then run.

Has the mammoth ever been seen? There have been plenty of supposed sightings of the beast – and of course, plenty of hoaxes. Stories of the mammoth have been around for hundreds of years, so the idea of something existing up in those mountains is not utterly improbable. More common than sightings are mysterious footprints spotted on the icy trails of the Himalayas.

Arctic Culture

Traditional Arctic culture resembles a scattered family on account of social, linguistic, economic and spiritual similarities across many miles of Arctic coast and tundra. This culture region borders the Subarctic culture region.

Altar of Peace

Traditionally, inhabitants people hunted and fished. They also foraged for vegetation during the short summer season. Traditional trade and bartering could span hundreds of miles.

Arctic peoples learned to adapt to one of the harshest environments and subsisted for millennia on resources drawn from sea and land. Previous to the advent of European influence, numerous bands came into routine contact, principally for trade.

Crystals and Nutrition

The universe is a structural entity consisting of interrelated geometrical structures. Only those who have attained an understanding of the super conscious effort can identify their own spirit. But in order to do that they need to free themselves from the influence of the Earth, which lies in the 1.8-12 Hz range depending on the location.

The mysterious nutritious crystal fruits

Nourishing the body with crystals helps feed the spirit and through it – the body or rather the energy. Since crystals have ultra-frequency characteristics their energy is directly absorbed by the mind. They can be assimilated only by the hypothalamus and other glands of the head, which then, in turn, nourish the bone marrow and the spinal cord.

Crystals’ nourishment strengthens the spirit and as a result can help us change our destiny. However, the following factor should be taken into consideration: at the given moment we live in an Earth that changes its frequency, therefore the food that we have been eating so far is less and less beneficial. The cell is already in a higher frequency range and very soon the Earth will lie in the 10-12 Hz range (for reference – now it lies in the 7.4-8.5 Hz range). This is why the usual food that we eat no longer meets the real needs of our existence. Under these conditions, crystals’ nourishment will be extremely important due to their frequency characteristics.

Refreeze polar regions to reverse damage done by humans, Sir David King says

A University of Cambridge professor has proposed a radical new centre for climate repair to reverse the damage humans are doing to the environment. The proposals would aim to roll back the harms of global warming and include refreezing the Earth’s polar regions and capturing carbon dioxide from out of the atmosphere.
Sir David, a former chief scientific adviser to the government, said that time “is no longer on our side” to tackle climate change.

Ice Block

“What we continue to do, what we do that is new, and what we plan to do over the next 10 to 12 years will determine the future of humanity for the next 10,000,” he said. Theoretical techniques of large-scale human intervention to drive climate change in a positive direction are part of an area of research known as geoengineering.

They could include spraying salt water high into the atmosphere in the Arctic to “whiten” clouds there and reflect heat back into space, as well as growing more vegetation to remove carbon dioxide from the air.
But the cost to research and implement these techniques safely has hampered most of these proposals.

Ice cities, the way of the future.

The Chinese city of Harbin celebrates its Ice Festival for an entire winter month. And if it stays cold, for even longer. It never gets really warm in Manchuria. Although in summer the average temperature in the city of Harbin is around 20 degrees Celsius, in winter it is a teeth-chattering minus 17 degrees. And it can get much colder still with temperatures as low as minus 40 degrees when an icy north wind blows from Siberia. The residents of the city, which lies in the northeast of the country, have chosen the frostiest month of January to celebrate a big festival. Outside, of course.

Big saws are used to cut the ice from the frozen Songhua River into thick blocks. Well over 10,000 workers chisel, hammer, and carve huge sculptures from them, which are exhibited throughout the city. Or they pile up the building blocks to create enormous, walk-in buildings. Several dozen meters high, they recreate famous sights from all over the world. Ice art and architecture adorn the city during the alpine skiing competitions that take place at the same time. At night they become the impressive backdrop for traditional parades with ice lanterns. The Harbin Ice and Snow Festival developed from this custom.

Are we heading into a new Ice Age?

Just a few centuries ago, the planet experienced a mild ice age, quaintly dubbed the Little Ice Age. Part of the Little Ice Age coincided with a period of low solar activity termed the Maunder Minimum (named after astronomer Edward Maunder). It’s believed that a combination of lower solar output and high volcanic activity were major contributors (Free 1999, Crowley 2001), with changes in ocean circulation also having an effect on European temperatures (Mann 2002). 

long-term cooling trend. 2009 saw solar output at its lowest level in over a century. However, predicting future solar activity is problematic. The transition from a period of ‘grand maxima’ (the situation in the latter 20th century) to a ‘grand minima’ (Maunder Minimum conditions) is a chaotic process and difficult to predict (Usoskin 2007).

Let’s say for the sake of argument that the sun does enter another Maunder Minimum over the 21st century. What effect would this have on Earth’s climate? Simulations of the climate response if the sun did fall to Maunder Minimum levels find that the decrease in temperature from the sun is minimal compared to the warming from man-made greenhouse gases (Feulner 2010). Cooling from the lowered solar output is estimated at around 0.1°C (with a maximum possible value of 0.3°C) while the greenhouse gas warming will be around 3.7°C to 4.5°C, depending on how much CO2 we emit throughout the 21st century.

If this is actually happening, it is happening at a much higher rate than anyone has predicted. According to my calculations it will actually happen very soon!

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Is Betelgeuse is actually one of the largest stars?

I have long been studying Betelgeuse, designated α Orionis (Latinised to Alpha Orionis, abbreviated Alpha Ori, α Ori), is on average the ninth-brightest star in the night sky and second-brightest in the constellation of Orion (behind Rigel). It is a distinctly reddish, semiregular variable star whose apparent magnitude varies between +0.0 and +1.3, the widest range of any first-magnitude star. At near-infrared wavelengths, Betelgeuse is the brightest star in the night sky.

Some studies claim it is one of the largest stars. But is that really correct?